half

half
half1 W1S1 [ha:f US hæf] predeterminer, pron, adj [only before noun]
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(50%)¦
2¦(most of)¦
3¦(time)¦
4¦(combination)¦
5 half a dozen
6 half a/the chance
7 half an eye/ear
8 be half the battle
9 half a minute/moment/second etc
10 only half the story
11 have half a mind to do something
12 half measures
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(50%)¦
exactly or about 50% (½) of an amount, time, distance, number etc
half of
Over half of the children live in one-parent families.
Only half the guests had arrived by seven o'clock.
If you look at our members, at least half are women.
half a mile/pound/hour etc
half a pound of butter
It's about half a mile down the road.
She drank half a bottle of wine.
half a million dollars
a half hour/mile etc
You can't just waltz in a half hour late.
It's about a half mile down the road.
a half day excursion to the island
He demanded a half share of the money.
half the price/size/length etc
It's only half the size of a normal violin.
They offered to pay half the cost of repairs.
2.) ¦(MOST OF)¦
the largest part of something
half of
We missed half of what he said because someone was talking.
She seems to be asleep half the time .
Getting covered in mud is half the fun .
3.) ¦(TIME)¦
half (past) one/two/three etc
BrE thirty minutes after the hour mentioned
I rang at about half six.
I got home at about half past one.
We'll be there by seven or half past.
4.) ¦(COMBINATION)¦
if something is half one thing and half something else, it is a combination of those two things
He's half English, half Swiss.
5.) half a dozen
a) six
half a dozen eggs
b) a small number of people or things
There were half a dozen other people in front of me.
6.) half a/the chance
a small opportunity to do something, especially one which someone would take eagerly
I'd go to university if I got half the chance .
Many kids would sleep till noon given half a chance .
7.) half an eye/ear
if you have half an eye on something, or if you are listening with half an ear, you are giving only part of your attention to it
He listened with only half an ear and his thoughts wandered.
The teacher kept half an eye on them all through the lesson.
8.) be half the battle
spoken used to say that when you have done the most difficult part of an activity, the rest is easy
Getting the audience to like you is half the battle.
9.) half a minute/moment/second etc
spoken a very short time
Hold on, this will only take half a second.
10.) only half the story
an explanation that is not complete, used especially to say that someone is trying to keep something secret
Journalists are convinced that she was only telling them half the story.
11.) have half a mind to do sth
spoken used to say that you would like to do something but you probably will not do it
He had half a mind to ask for his money back.
I have half a mind to tell your mother about this.
12.) half measures
actions or methods that are not strong enough, and so are not effective in dealing with a difficult problem
This is no time for half measures.
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
GRAMMAR
!! You do not usually say 'the half' : I've only read half of the story (NOT I've only read the half of the story). The only time you say 'the half' is when you are referring to a particular half |the first half of the book
!! Do not say 'one and half', 'two and half' etc. Say one and a half , two and a half etc : She is two and a half years old. These numbers are followed by a plural noun, not a singular one |one and a half days (NOT one and a half day)
!! Do not say 'half of hour'. Say half an hour or, especially in spoken American English, a half hour .
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
half 2
half2 W2S1 plural halves [ha:vz US hævz]
n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(50%)¦
2¦(sport)¦
3¦(player)¦
4¦(beer)¦
5¦(ticket)¦
6 a ... and a half
7 the half of it
8 your better half/other half
9 not do something by halves
10 go halves (on something)
11 too clever/rich/good etc by half
12 how the other half lives
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(50%)¦
one of two equal parts of something
Two halves make a whole.
one/two etc and a half
(=1½, 2½ etc)
My son's three and a half now.
an hour and a half later
two and a half thousand people
first/second/other half (of sth)
in the first half of the nineteenth century
He kept the other half of the cake for himself.
top/bottom/northern etc half (of sth)
A veil covered the lower half of her face.
the southern half of the country
break/cut/tear etc sth in half
(=into two equal parts)
She tore the piece of paper in half.
reduce/cut sth by half
(=make something 50% smaller)
a plan to cut European forces by half
2.) ¦(SPORT)¦
one of the two parts into which a sports event is divided
first/second half
France played very well in the first half.
3.) ¦(PLAYER)¦
a player who plays in the middle part of the field in sports like football, ↑rugby etc
the 23-year-old Newcastle centre half
4.) ¦(BEER)¦
BrE a half of a ↑pint of beer
half of
Can I have a half of lager, please?
5.) ¦(TICKET)¦
BrE a child's ticket, for example on a bus or train, that is cheaper than an adult's ticket
One and a half to Waterloo, please.
6.) a ... and a half informal
used when you think that something is very unusual or surprising, or very good
That was a meal and a half!
7.) the half of it
spoken used to emphasize that a situation is more difficult, complicated, or unpleasant than people realize
Everyone knows she's a difficult girl, but they don't know the half of it .
8.) your better half/other half
old-fashioned used humorously to mean your husband or wife
Let me introduce you to my better half.
9.) not do sth by halves
to do something very eagerly and using a lot of care and effort
I'm sure it will be a fantastic wedding. Eva never does anything by halves.
10.) go halves (on sth)
to share something, especially the cost of something, equally between two people
Do you want to go halves on a pizza?
11.) too clever/rich/good etc by half
BrE informal very clever, rich etc in an annoying way
That boy's too arrogant by half.
12.) how the other half lives
how people who are much richer or much poorer than you manage their lives, work, money etc
half 3
half3 S2 adv
1.) partly, but not completely
He was half in the water and half out.
She was standing there half dressed, putting on her makeup.
The door was only half closed.
The jug was still half full .
a half-empty wine bottle
I was only half awake .
He looked half asleep .
I was half expecting her to say 'no'.
I half hoped that they wouldn't come.
I said it half jokingly.
2.) used to emphasize something bad, to say that it is almost an extremely bad thing
The kitten looked half starved.
He was half dead with exhaustion.
I had been driven half out of my mind with worry.
3.) a) half as much/big etc
half the size, amount etc of something else
The new machine has all the same functions, but is only half as large.
b) half as much/big etc again
larger by an amount that is equal to half the original size
A flat in London costs almost half as much again as a flat in Glasgow.
4.) not half as/so good/interesting etc (as sb/sth)
much less good, less interesting etc than someone or something else
The movie wasn't half as entertaining as the book.
She can't love you half as much as I do.
5.) not half
BrE spoken used when you want to emphasize an opinion or statement
She doesn't half talk once she gets started.
6.) not half bad
spoken an expression meaning good, used especially when you are rather surprised that something is good
Actually, the party wasn't half bad.
7.) half and half
partly one thing and partly another
The group was about half and half, complete beginners and people with some experience.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • half — [ hæf ] (plural halves [ hævz ] ) function word, quantifier *** Half can be used in the following ways: as a predeterminer (followed by a word such as a, the, this, or his ): We live half a mile up the road. I have to spend half my time taking… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Half — (h[aum]f), a. [AS. healf, half, half; as a noun, half, side, part; akin to OS., OFries., & D. half, G. halb, Sw. half, Dan. halv, Icel. h[=a]lfr, Goth. halbs. Cf. {Halve}, {Behalf}.] 1. Consisting of a moiety, or half; as, a half bushel; a half… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • half — 1. Half functions as a noun or pronoun (the first half of the year / I ve still got half), an adjective (a half share) or predeterminer (i.e. placed before another determiner such as the, half the audience), and an adverb (He ll come half way / I …   Modern English usage

  • half — ► NOUN (pl. halves) 1) either of two equal or corresponding parts into which something is or can be divided. 2) either of two equal periods into which a match or performance is divided. 3) Brit. informal half a pint of beer. 4) informal a half… …   English terms dictionary

  • half — [haf, häf] n. pl. halves [ME < OE healf, part, half, akin to ON halfr, Ger halb < IE (s)kelep , lit., divided < base * (s)kel , to cut > SCALP, SKILL, HELM2] 1. a) either of the two equal parts of something [the top half of the sixth… …   English World dictionary

  • half — HALF, halfi, s.m. (Rar; la fotbal) Mijlocaş. – Din engl. half. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  HALF s. v. mijlocaş. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  half s. m., pl. halfi …   Dicționar Român

  • half — O.E. half, halb (Mercian), healf (W. Saxon) side, part, not necessarily of equal division (original sense preserved in behalf), noun, adjective, and adverb all in O.E., from P.Gmc. *khalbas something divided (Cf. O.S. halba, O.N. halfr, O.Fris.,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Half — (h[aum]f), n.; pl. {Halves} (h[aum]vz). [AS. healf. See {Half}, a.] 1. Part; side; behalf. [Obs.] Wyclif. [1913 Webster] The four halves of the house. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. One of two equal parts into which anything may be divided, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Half — Half, adv. In an equal part or degree; in some part approximating a half; partially; imperfectly; as, half colored, half done, half hearted, half persuaded, half conscious. Half loth and half consenting. Dryden. [1913 Webster] Their children… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • half — hȁlf m <N mn ovi, G ōvā> DEFINICIJA sport zast. pretežno obrambeni igrač u nekim momčadskim igrama loptom (nogomet, hokej i sl.) zadužen da sprečava protivničke napadače u izvođenju napada i da se uključuje u ofenzivne akcije vlastite… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • half- — sharing one parent, from HALF (Cf. half). Half brother is attested from early 14c.; half sister from c.1200 …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”